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Ancient electrical Devices http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/ciencia_hitech02a.htm
Dendera light http://www.catchpenny.org/dendera.html
Electricity was known and used in antiquity.
Soot. source: Frank Dörnenburg
In none of the many thousands of subterranean tombs and pyramid shafts was found a single trace of soot, as we are told by the authors of the electro-thesis, although many of these tombs are full of often colourful paintings. But the primitive light sources the Egyptians knew (candles, oil lamps etc.) are always leaving soot and are using oxygen. So how DID the Egyptians get their light? Some rationalists are arguing with mirrors, but the quality of the copper plates the Egyptians used as mirrors were not good enough for that.
The Uphaut Project http://www.cheops.org/
Secret Towers Of The Himalayas
“The Himalayan Towers are a series of stone towers located mostly in Tibet. Carbon dating shows they were built approximately 500 to 1,100 years ago. Since they are generally located in prosperous villages, it is believed that their primary function was as a demonstration of a family’s prestige within the community. For strength, many of the towers use a star pattern of walls as opposed to a strictly rectangular method. Heights can exceed 60m. For more information see the work of Frederique Darragon.”
A clean copper plate is put in an earthenware vessel. It is covered first by copper sulfate and then moist sawdust. After that put a mercury-amalgamated-zinc sheet on top of an energy known by the twin name of Mitra-Varuna. Water will be split by this current into Pranavayu and Udanavayu. A hain of one hundred jars is used to give a very strong electricity.
Senate Committee Launches First New Clinton Corruption Investigation
by Richard Pollock – Senior Investigative Reporter at The Daily Caller News Foundation
edited, read the whole report here: dailycaller.com/2017/06/04/senate-committee-launches-a-new-clinton-investigation/
Chuck Grassley has launched a new investigation of former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s effort to thwart a Bangladesh government corruption probe of Muhammad Yunus, a Clinton Foundation donor and close friend of the Clintons.
Trump and leaders of the Republican-majority Congress displayed little appetite for reopening investigations of Clinton’s tenure as the chief U.S. diplomat and multiple persistent allegations of “pay-to-play” corruption involving the Clinton Foundation. Until now.
The Daily Caller News Foundation (TheDCNF) Investigative Group exclusively reported in May that Clinton sent top U.S. diplomats to pressure Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheik Hasina and her son Sajeeb Wazed in an effort to kill that country’s corruption investigation of Yunus and Grameen Bank. Yunus was then managing director of the state-owned Bangladesh bank.
In a June 1, 2017, letter to Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, Grassley repeated TheDCNF charge that Clinton threatened Wazed with an IRS tax audit if his mother did not back away from the corruption probe. Wazed has lived in the U.S. for 17 years.
Grassley described how U.S. ambassadors James Moriarty and Dan Mozena, as well as Jon Danilowica, the Deputy Chief of Mission, met with Wazed in the U.S. Embassy in Dhaka, Bangladesh’s capital, on numerous occasions while the corruption investigation was underway. All three are career diplomats.
Another official, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Rajiv Shah also met with Wazed. Shah’s agency awarded $13 million to Yunus organizations and another $11 million to allied Yunus organizations during Clinton’s tenure. The Department of State oversees USAID programs.
Bill Clinton reportedly lobbied the Nobel Prize Committee on behalf of Yunus. The committee awarded him the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize.
Abel Danger: Ole Dammegard exposes international False Flag psyop corporate hub: Crisis-solutions.com?! http://www.abeldanger.org/ole-dammegard-exposes-international-false-flag-psyop-corporate-hub-crisis-solutions-com/
Ole’s website is www.lightonconspiracies.com
posted by Tapestry 1 Jun 201 7 :
Time Square. Stockholm. Manchester. It’s a transportable film set going from country to country, location to location, always in NATO countries. It’s the same people carrying out the same terror/media event, pumping out terror worldwide through the media. Military experts. Crisis actors. Film directors. Explosive experts. All the same as a movie set. People in key positions are helping them to operate. Very few people know the whole story, compartmentalised operation, hard to detect as such a small bolt-on operation travels from country to country.
The spider in the web is called crisis-solutions.com
On the site, there is a video on the ‘crisis cloud’ page. Click on that, and you see how anti-terror drills have taken on a whole new level. There is an online operational platform. Tactical teams on street level. The C Unit gathers together people into the ‘playroom’, redirecting the ‘event’. They call it ‘play’ or ‘game’. They can do multiple exercises in different countries on different continents simultaneously. Manchester is given as an example, as is Edinburgh. => tapnewswire.com
Crisis Cloud: dynamic, real time, interactive (crisis-solutions.com/simulations-and-exercises/crisis-cloud/ )
23 views Published on Feb 15, 2017
CRISIS CLOUD – CRISIS SIMULATION EXERCISE MEDIA WEB PORTAL
Crisis Cloud is a web technology that simulates real world communications during a crisis simulation or crisis exercise. It’s been designed in conjunction with our IT specialists to enhance the player experience and the learning of the teams.
CREATING REALITY AND CONNECTING PARTICIPANTS IN CRISIS SIMULATION exercises.
Crisis Cloud is tailored to your specific exercise requirements, but a typical example will include:
News stories based on the scenario. Stories are updated as the crisis exercise progresses
News videos to bring the immediacy of media scrutiny
Client pages for internal and external statements
A Twitter inspired social media page that is accessible to players and updated in real time
https://whois.icann.org/en/lookup?name=www.crisis-solutions.com Server: whois.meshdigital.com Created Date: 2001-01-11 Admin: Richard Whitby
Richard achieved success as a fraud investigator before joining the London Stock Exchange. He moved into resilience planning in 1999 as head of the consultancy division at an international disaster recovery company and joined Crisis Solutions in 2003. He has been directly involved in the simulation of a Euro crisis for a global financial services provider; practical resilience planning in the oil fields of Kazakhstan and supply chain resilience in major supermarkets.
what is that? www.actforamerica.org/ “We are the NRA of national security.” with over 500,000 members.
Brigitte Gabriel -ACT for America Founder & Chairman – Who is she?
American conservative journalist, author, political lecturer, anti-Islam activist, and founder of two non-profit political organizations, the American Congress For Truth and ACT! for America.
ACT is organizing a March Against Sharia Saturday, June 10, 2017 www.actforamerica.org/rally
GULF STATES: The Resurgence of the Saudi Arabia, Qatar Cold War t.co/rwq7IOKdNs
Qatar under Arab boycott for scheming with Iran www.debka.com/article/26088/Qatar-under-Arab-boycott-for-scheming-with-Iran
Note: Hal Turner was the proprietor of the ill-fated Superstation news-site that got axed two weeks ago.
Insightful Comment from the comment section:
It’s a deflective shell-game.
See? It’s not us! It’s them!
Someone has to take the fall for team Sunni/Wahhabi.
It is both Qatar and Sa’udi Arabia, for sure. Iran for sure, and then from time to time some other Arab countries.
Remember that Araby is a shame culture, and the accusation against Qatar in particular is likely simply to cover the shame of the other countries (especially Sa’udi Arabia).
It might not be immediately apparent to those who have not studied Arab history or have got to know the Arab mind at work, but among those of us who do know, we can definitely read between the lines here.
Arab Nations Cut Ties With Qatar; Blame Them for Terrorist and Muslim Brotherhood Support; Diplomats Being Ejected; Visitors From Qatar Ordered to LEAVE; Planes and ships cut off.
UPDATED 10:27 AM (see Bottom) — Overnight, a staggering series of actions began by Arab countries against the tiny nation of Qatar. Several countries have announced they are cutting Diplomatic ties and ejecting Qatari Diplomats because the country of Qatar is the single major source of state-funded terrorism in the world! UPDATE: Any visitor or resident from Qatar in any of these Arab countries has two weeks to leave! ! ! !
For years, many have thought it was Saudi Arabia secretly funding terror groups, but these developments make clear it was Qatar all along!
Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen have severed diplomatic ties with Qatar, accusing the country of backing terrorist groups. Qatar has called the move a “campaign of incitement” which is “based on lies.”
Bahrain announced early Monday that it is severing diplomatic relations with neighboring Qatar and cutting air and sea connections with Doha (the capital of Qatar), accusing it of meddling in its internal affairs. Bahrain’s state news agency said in a brief statement that Qatari citizens have 14 days to leave the country.
It accused Doha of supporting terrorism and meddling in Manama’s internal affairs.
Citing “protection of national security,” Riyadh then announced it was also severing ties with Doha and closing off all land, sea and air contacts, the Saudi state agency said in a statement, cited by Reuters.
The Saudi state news agency SPA alleged that Qatar “embraces multiple terrorist and sectarian groups aimed at disturbing stability in the region, including the Muslim Brotherhood, ISIS and Al-Qaeda, and promotes the message and schemes of these groups through their media constantly.”
The Saudi-led coalition has announced that Qatar’s participation in its joint military operation in Yemen has been canceled. The coalition’s statement accused Doha of supporting the Al-Qaeda and Islamic State terrorist groups.
Egypt was next to join the diplomatic war, with Cairo announcing it is cutting relations with Doha, according to Sputnik news agency.
Egypt has closed all its seaports and airspace to Qatari vessels and planes, the country’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
“The Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt has decided to sever diplomatic relations with Qatar because of the continued hostility of the Qatari authorities towards Egypt,” the Cairo statement read, also accusing Doha of supporting terrorist organizations, including the Muslim Brotherhood.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has followed suit, citing “support, funding and embrace of terrorist, extremist and sectarian organizations” as the reason for cutting ties with Qatar.
The UAE’s state news agency said in a statement that Qatar is “undermining regional stability,” Reuters reports.
READ MORE: Qatar-Saudi spat threatens Riyadh’s influence. But what are the Saudis really worried about?
The Emirates has similarly given Qatar’s diplomats just 48 hours to leave its territory.
Yemen also followed suit, accusing Qatar of working alongside its enemies in the country’s ongoing civil war, Al Arabiya and Reuters reported, citing state news agency Saba.
The government said it cut ties with Qatar partly over its support of extremist groups in the war-torn country, which were “in contradiction with the goals announced by the countries supporting the legitimate government,” AP reports.
“Qatar’s practices of dealing with the (Houthi) coup militias and supporting extremist groups became clear,” the government said in a statement cited by Reuters.
It added that it supports the decision by the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen to remove Qatar from its ranks.
Alarmed viewers of the Qatari TV network Al Jazeera wondered why it was not covering the diplomatic crisis, instead tweeting pieces such as a video about hijab cosplay in Malaysia.
Al Jazeera finally broke the news at around 03:35 GMT, citing a “dispute over a Qatar news agency hack” as grounds for the crisis.
There was no immediate response to the accusations available from Doha, Al Jazeera said.
The Plot Thickens
Qatar is the country where the Clinton Foundation ALLEGEDLY stashed some $1.8 Billion Dollars last year.
Qatar is the home for the Al-Jazeera Satellite TV Network.
Qatar houses major US military facilities for CENTCOM, the US Central Command.
Bahrain, next to Qatar, has also cut ties with Qatar and Bahrain is home to the U.S. Navy 5th Fleet.
EDITOR’s NOTE: This reminds me of a scene from “The Godfather” where Marlon Brando as Vito Corleone, meets with the heads of the five families to stop an ongoing Mafia war. On the way home from the meeting, Corleone tells his Consigliere “Tatallia never could have out-fought Santino, but I didn’t know until this very day, it was Barzini all along.” It is starting to look as though President Trump’s visit to Saudi Arabia, where he spoke to the heads of some 50 Arab countries and told them “Those who kill in the name of God are an insult to God” may have had quite an effect. It appears on the surface, that many (or perhaps all) of those 50 heads of state knew all along WHO it was that was actually sponsoring Wahhabi Muslim terror attacks around the world: Qatar. Perhaps Trump’s direct talk made them all realize it was time to cut Qatar off?
UPDATE 10:27 AM EDT JUNE 5, 2017 —
Citizens and residents in the country of Qatar are in an absolute panic over events which began last night. Supermarket shelves are now reported to be EMPTY and citizens scramble to hoard food, fearing a complete embargo of Qatar by all their surrounding neighbors.
There is now even talk of war; and since Qatar’s armed forces number only about 12,000 men, the country would not have any real means to prevent an invasion.
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……… hovering over target by sucking in the fragments of unintended offerings……….
“Homicide victim Seth Conrad Rich, July 10, 2016 4:19AM”
June 20th 2017 Independent group releases new report on Seth Rich murder investigation in press conference here – A group of George Washington University graduate students calling themselves the Profiling Project released a report on their own investigation. Lobbyist and Profiling Project Founder Jack Burkman says “he has evidence that links the murder of a Democratic National Committee staffer to Russian operatives” and donates $105,000 to the cause.
….and with that statement from here on out the so-called investigation acquires the appearance of a coverup of a coverup.
WND asked 125 members of Congress to weigh in on the unsolved murder, but not a single U.S. representative has agreed to address the case.
The head of a private investigative team in Washington, D.C., insists that Metropolitan Police Department officials have been instructed by Mayor Muriel Bowser to withhold evidence pertaining to Rich’s case from the public and obstruct the investigation for political purposes.
Seth-Rich-petition – Tens of thousands of Americans have signed a White House petition calling for the appointment of a special prosecutor to investigate the case. The petition, which was created May 19.
WND reported, a manager at Lou’s City Bar, the last known location where Rich was seen before his murder, claims police never interviewed the bar’s staff or requested evidence, such as footage from security cameras. And police never questioned Rich’s DNC co-workers.
Burkman, revealed that a burglar broke into an FBI vehicle and stole weapons – including a .40 caliber Glock-22 handgun and a Rock River Arms Rifle – hours before Rich was shot multiple times just two miles north of the weapons theft. Burkman has filed a lawsuit May 31 in the District of Columbia Superior Courts uing the MPD for ballistics reports that would indicate whether the two crimes are in any way connected.
Rod Wheeler, a private investigator hired by the family, said that there was evidence Seth Rich had contacted WikiLeaks and that law enforcement were covering this up.
New York Times, Washington Post and Huffington Post, have worked overtime to bury the story, eagerly slamming theories that Rich may have leaked DNC emails as “fake news” and “conspiracy.”
WND reported, only five lawmakers replied to WND’s interview requests submitted to 125 members of Congress. All of those five declined to address the issue.
WND Editor and CEO Joseph Farah: “Why are the media so stridently incurious? Don’t they want to solve the murder by following standard investigatory protocols and by investigating all the possibilities? Why should this murder case be handled differently than every other murder case? Why are the reporters and news organizations and private investigators who ask questions about the lack of progress in the case vilified as ‘conspiracy theorists’?”
The total reward for solving Seth Rich’s murder currently stands at $350,000. One America News is offering a $100,000 reward for information leading to the arrest of Rich’s killer. WikiLeaks is pitching in $20,000, the D.C. Metropolitan Police Department is offering $25,000, Burkman kicked in another $105,000, and businessman and investor Martin Shkreli is offering $100,000.
MedStar Washington Hospital Center, is now back in the news. What hospital admitted and treated the DNC staffer before a physician pronounced him dead? Emergency responders, along with police and two local hospitals, are refusing to answer that basic question. Investigative reporter Scott Taylor says D.C. Office of the Chief Medical Examiner has denied his Freedom of Information Act Request for Rich’s autopsy report.
June 12 2017 – Eyewitness: ‘I was there when Seth Rich was shot, they walked him past me, he didn’t even know he was shot, no pain’ A man claiming to be Mark Mueller, Seth Rich’s neighbor, who may also be going by the alias Scott Roberts, was at the scene when Rich was shot on July 10, 2016, and was listed in the police report.
Profiling Project Founder Jack Burkman: “Seth Rich’s Twitter account has recently been deleted. Seth Rich’s Facebook page has recently been deleted and Seth Rich’s Reddit account (MeGRIMLOCK) has recently been edited and some of its postings deleted,”
ANON Whistleblower to SOTN http://stateofthenation2012.com/?p=75906
Seth Rich was a MOSSAD operative. Whether his family is certified Sayanim or whether he was a card-carrying agent is not really important. He spent plenty of time in Israel, even training under the command of the IDF. Seth Rich’s Israeli Military Experience (Video)
The reason why he was ‘killed’ at 4:20 AM is the same reason they carry out so many false flags at night. No one’s around—duh!
The MOSSAD controllers of this black op had the whole street locked down since Seth left the bar at 1:30 in the morning. None of the crime scene facts could be proven, except by the people planted around before and after who have spoken publicly. That includes your medical resident at Washington Hospital Center who you quoted.
Do you now see how this whole psyop was set up. It’s a total joke…on the Clintons, of course. And the DNC. And the Democratic Party. Talk about a skunk at their garden party right in D.C. The MOSSAD infiltrated their campaign with a Sayanim contractor — Seth Rich — who’s now probably living on a kibbutz somewhere in the Negev desert—at a locked-down oasis community after having LOTs of plastic surgery. Look it, this op took Hillary right out of the race.
The Alt Right swallowed it–hook, line and sinker– and did just that—they sunk her. One more
murder was all they really needed on her rap sheet to motivate the borderline Trumpsters to get out and vote.
Here’s a LiveLeak video from someone who’s done his homework. Why don’t you guys do some more penance and post it so the Internet knows the truth.
Seth Rich Murder Hoax (Video)
What came to my mind: why so sloppy with so many very untidy ends? We all have seen how it can be done with less mistakes. No time? No funds? Different team? On purpose? Like a cut stone, I rearrange the spotlights and view the alternately illuminated facets of the shiny object that is Seth Rich.
Chaos is helpful in my opinion. It reveals the crack that is in everything. Chaos welcome. Will the story go away? The story has forked. One path leads around and around and around.
comment from JS. Seth Rich a Mossad plant?
There is gross stupidity circulating the web about Seth Rich never dying and being a Mossad plant. Someone actually thought that kind of spew would work to bail out the Democrats and take the heat off the Hillary murder machine, because people hate the Mossad and they do everything bad and are in my mattress and my oil pan and are digging a tunnel under the driveway but I am going to have to break the concrete to catch them . . . . . . I know they are bad, and therefore if you believe Seth Rich was Mossad, well, good for you.
comment by Ted: I will say that article and Jim’s comment make sense. For the effect was to make me pause and suspend all belief to evaluate from what little I know of the facts. My reaction to the “Rich is mossad” had the intended effect as Jim claimed. I’m all very confused and that is the outcome that is desired outcome of the propaganda; this latter fact, I am sure about. The official story is being told by a magician. But magicians are only effective if they are able to distract just long enough for you not to notice the sleight of hand. I have no doubt that a sleight of hand occurred in the Seth Rich story, yet I am certain there are far more than one distraction being played simultaneously, so that consensus by many people can never be reached and the trick will be completed without disruption.
comment by Maxine: As I understand it The Profile Project: the public was invited to send in their information about the murder of Seth Rich. This was a means of gathering information about who knew what, to find out if perchance, there was someone out there who really had found a smoking gun that they didn’t know about. Then, just as the Warren Commission did, to pick and choose which pieces of info could be allowed and played up, and other pieces which were to be eliminated, deleted, and submerged. And to create something of a fall-back-on voice of authority in case one is needed. 45 pages later, the Profile Project released its findings, detailing absolutely nothing we didn’t know before.
This was an exceedingly slick presentation appealing to a different segment of potential on-line researchers, who got led around and around the mulberry bush. Ok then. How to deal with the old battle hardened hardcore conspiracy theorists (us) who wouldn’t buy the glossy bullshit?
Smack them between the eyes with what at least half of them were previously trained to recognize as the Usual Suspects. “Aha! Bingo! I knew it all the time!” This explanation will be accepted by at least 50%, because it is a familiar comfort zone, and lines up with previous beliefs. At which point, these ones gain a certain satisfaction, but also loose interest, and become ready to move on.
That leaves a much smaller number, such as you and I — these remaining ones, as Ted observed, then likely suddenly encounter confusion — which is chaos. Chaos engenders fatigue, mental numbing, and irritation. One likely result of chaos is loss of interest. “Ok, screw it, then. I’m done. To hell with it, who cares anyway.” Will the story go away? Or not? We will see.
A lot of trouble has been gone to here, to facilitate multiple sleuth-ways.
LINKS: #SethRich COMPLETE TIMELINE – All the facts in one place (self.The_Donald) and sethrich.info first post Jul 8, 2016
Vanity Fair seeds “shoot the panda” January 2016Private investigator Rod Wheeler has stated that there’s evidence that Rich had contact with WikiLeaks prior to his death.
@KimDotcom 12:01 PM – 19 May 2017
To all @Google admins, Submit #SethRich acc contents to @Wikileaks: Seth.email@example.com, Panda4Progress@gmail.com, Pandas4Bernie@gmail.com
Bauman runs the Bauman Foundation, the Board of Directors includes David Brock, founder of multiple DNC-affiliated propaganda outlets including Media Matters, Correct the Record and Shareblue.
………………………..meanwhile at Crowdstrike June 7 2016
The Freedom Foundation filed a federal lawsuit to prevent the State of Washington from enforcing Initiative 1501—SEIU’s $2 million initiative to create a monopoly on communicating with workers.
The initiative violates the First Amendment because it makes it impossible for union members and the Freedom Foundation to communicate with other union members.
SEIU people and organizations:
Info on the SEIU (who Brad Bauman worked for in the past):
>top democrat spender https://archive.is/AL3MZ >openly endorsed clinton https://archive.is/5Vqka
>actively ran programs for her https://archive.is/of7EF >tons of embezzlement etc https://archive.is/8kxNi https://archive.is/rgHgv >https://archive.is/AL3MZ
“The presidential election is our number one priority this year,” SEIU political director Brandon Davis said in a recent interview.
>exploited children https://archive.is/vGxrr
>robert cramer is also tied to them via the strategic consulting group https://archive.is/r9AXi https://archive.is/b10PG
Everyone in the DC chapter of the SEIU (SEIU 722) got a pay increase on July 10, 2016 (date Rich was killed). Everyone got a bonus too: https://seiu722.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/160713salary-increase-mwhc.pdf
SEIU held a Contract Ratification Meeting for the contract they were renegotiating with Medstar just days before Rich’s death >WHEN: Friday, July 1, 2016 >WHERE: Auditorium CNMC >TIME(s): 7:00am – 9:30am >11:00am – 2:00pm >3:00pm – 7:00pm https://seiu722.org/contract-ratification-meeting-notice/
>they met two days after Rich died as well https://archive.is/gLZOM
Reminder that Heather Podesta sits on the board of the DC Police Foundation https://archive.is/hfgT3
And the firm that sent the cease and desist letter to Wheeler has ties to the Whitewater scandal and Vince Foster: http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-05-22/dnc-affiliates-increase-involvement-seth-rich-case-after-wheeler-claims
Additional info on the District of Columbia Home Rule Act since the SEIU obviously fucked up the hit and someone was responsible for telling the PD to clean it up https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_Police_Department_of_the_District_of_Columbia
>Under the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, whenever the President of the United States determines that special conditions of an emergency nature exist which require the use of the Metropolitan Police force for Federal purposes, he may direct the Mayor to provide him, and the Mayor shall provide, such services of the Metropolitan Police force for up to 48 hours. During longer periods of time, the President must provide to Congress in writing his reasons for continuing control of the MPD. This control can be extended at any time beyond 30 days if either the emergency continues or if Congress passes a law ordering it.
>Before the Home Rule Act, Congress made all of DC’s laws, and the executive branch ultimately reported to the President of the United States, as if DC were another agency of the federal government (basically, it was). But in 1973, Congress set up our current system of an elected mayor and council. Only they balked at giving DC full autonomy.
Despite the new law, Obama could have claimed an “emergency” and taken control of the DC Police department. Note how that requires the cooperation of the mayor, who openly endorsed Obama in the past: http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/news/loose-lips/blog/13134929/new-bowser-tv-ad-goes-heavy-on-the-lip-sync
Now note how Joe Capone was in this very video and we have records of him attending a sports game in the mayor’s box as well as his trip to the WH.
The SEIU has also endorsed the mayor
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The Paris Gun (German: Paris-Geschütz / Pariser Kanone) was a type of German long-range siege gun used to bombard Paris during World War I between March and August of 1918. They were the largest pieces of artillery used during the war by barrel length, and are considered to be superguns.
The capabilities of the Paris Gun are not known with full certainty because of the total destruction of the weapon by the Germans in the face of the final Allied offensives. Figures stated for the weapon’s size, range, and performance varied widely depending on the source—not even the number of shells fired is certain.
“The gun was capable of firing a 106-kilogram (234 lb) shell to a range of 130 kilometers (81 mi) and a maximum altitude of 42.3 kilometers (26.3 mi)”
“At the start of its 182-second trajectory, each shell from the Paris Gun reached a speed of 1,640 meters per second (5,400 ft/s).”
The projectile was the first human-made object to reach the stratosphere. Writer and journalist Adam Hochschild put it this way: “It took about three minutes for each giant shell to cover the distance to the city, climbing to an altitude of 25 miles (40 km) at the top of its trajectory. This was by far the highest point ever reached by a man-made object, so high that gunners, in calculating where the shells would land, had to take into account the rotation of the Earth. For the first time in warfare, deadly projectiles rained down on civilians from the stratosphere”. This reduced drag from air resistance, allowing the shell to achieve a range of over 130 kilometres (81 mi).
What brought Adam Hochschild to introduce some Coriolis factor to the equation? I cannot imagine any one using a slide rule to include rotation besides calculating latitude/longitude coordinates for direction, g, elevation, and tilt.
I am showing several trajectories between 10 to 55 degrees tilt. For simplification I omitted elevation of barrel and g force (free fall calculator here https://www.angio.net/personal/climb/speed.html)
standard gravity is 9.80665 m/s2 (about 32.1740 ft/s2).
earth’s theoretic rotation = 72.3km in 3 minutes at 45 degree latitude
earth’s theoretic rotation = 48.2km in 2 minutes at 45 degree latitude
The Mach number at which an object is flying can be calculated by M = u /c
M is the Mach number, u is velocity of the moving object and c is the speed of sound at the given altitude
The speed of sound is 343 metres per second (1,125 ft/s; 1,235 km/h; 767 mph; 667 kn), or a kilometre in 2.91 s or a mile in 4.69 s
Paris Gun reached a speed of 1,640m/s (5,400 ft/s) “At the start of its 182-second trajectory, each shell from the Paris Gun reached a speed of 1,640 meters per second (5,400 ft/s).”
MACH 4.8 – that is supersonic. Ridiculous!
equatorial circumference is 40075.017 km =rotation per day (24 hrs) – or – 1670km/hr – or – 27.82 km/min – or – .46km/sec
@ 45 degree latitude, circumference = 34696km/24hours – or – 1445.67km/hr – or – 24.10km/min – or – .40km/sec – or – 401 m/sec
1,640m per second x 182 seconds = 298.48km + 72 km rotation of 180 seconds at latitude of 45 degree ….
PLEASE POINT OUT MISTAKES IN MY CALCULATIONS
The gun was fired from the forest of Coucy and the first shell landed on 21 March 1918 on the Quai de la Seine.
The actual gun mounting was found by the French air reconnaissance aviator Didier Daurat. The Paris gun emplacement was dug out of the north side of the wooded hill at Coucy-le-Château-Auffrique. The gun was mounted on heavy steel rails embedded in concrete, facing Paris.
The gun was fired at an azimuth of 232 degrees (west-southwest) from Crépy-en-Laon, which was at a latitude of 49.5 degrees North.
The gun was taken back to Germany in August 1918 as Allied advances threatened its security. No guns were ever captured by the Allies. It is believed that near the end of the war they were completely destroyed by the Germans. One spare mounting was captured by American troops in Bruyères-sur-Fère, near Château-Thierry, but the gun was never found; the construction plans seem to have been destroyed as well.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, the Germans were required to turn over a complete Paris Gun to the Allies, but they never complied with this.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paris gun.|
In Memory Of Aaron George Maurice Dover
16th March 2017 – Age 42
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